Pertanyaan Kirim permintaan POST dengan data JSON menggunakan Volley


Saya ingin mengirim yang baru JsonObjectRequest permintaan:

  • Saya ingin menerima data JSON (respons dari server): OK
  • Saya ingin mengirim data berformat JSON dengan permintaan ini ke server

    JsonObjectRequest request = new JsonObjectRequest(
        Request.Method.POST, "myurl.com", null,
        new Response.Listener<JSONObject>() {
            @Override
            public void onResponse(JSONObject response) {
                //...
            }
        },
        new Response.ErrorListener() {
            @Override
            public void onErrorResponse(VolleyError error) {
                //...
            }
        })
        {
            @Override
            protected Map<String,String> getParams() {
                // something to do here ??
                return params;
            }
    
            @Override
            public Map<String, String> getHeaders() throws AuthFailureError {
                // something to do here ??
                return params;
            }
        };
    

P.S. Saya juga menggunakan pustaka GSON dalam proyek saya.


75
2018-04-22 13:13


asal


Jawaban:


JsonObjectRequest sebenarnya menerima JSONObject sebagai tubuh.

Dari artikel blog ini,

final String url = "some/url";
final JSONObject jsonBody = new JSONObject("{\"type\":\"example\"}");

new JsonObjectRequest(url, jsonBody, new Response.Listener<JSONObject>() { ... });

Ini dia kode sumber dan JavaDoc (@param jsonRequest):

/**
 * Creates a new request.
 * @param method the HTTP method to use
 * @param url URL to fetch the JSON from
 * @param jsonRequest A {@link JSONObject} to post with the request. Null is allowed and
 *   indicates no parameters will be posted along with request.
 * @param listener Listener to receive the JSON response
 * @param errorListener Error listener, or null to ignore errors.
 */
public JsonObjectRequest(int method, String url, JSONObject jsonRequest,
        Listener<JSONObject> listener, ErrorListener errorListener) {
    super(method, url, (jsonRequest == null) ? null : jsonRequest.toString(), listener,
                errorListener);
}

83
2018-04-22 13:34



Saya tahu bahwa thread ini sudah cukup lama, tetapi saya memiliki masalah ini dan saya menemukan solusi keren yang dapat sangat berguna bagi banyak orang karena mengoreksi / memperluas perpustakaan Volley pada banyak aspek.

Saya melihat beberapa fitur Volley yang tidak didukung-out-of-box:

  • Ini JSONObjectRequest tidak sempurna: Anda harus mengharapkan JSON di bagian akhir (lihat Response.Listener<JSONObject>).
  • Bagaimana dengan Tanggapan Kosong (hanya dengan status 200)?
  • Apa yang harus saya lakukan jika saya ingin langsung POJO saya dari ResponseListener?

Saya kurang lebih menyusun banyak solusi di kelas generik yang besar untuk mendapatkan solusi untuk semua masalah yang saya kutip.

  /**
  * Created by laurentmeyer on 25/07/15.
  */
 public class GenericRequest<T> extends JsonRequest<T> {

     private final Gson gson = new Gson();
     private final Class<T> clazz;
     private final Map<String, String> headers;
     // Used for request which do not return anything from the server
     private boolean muteRequest = false;

     /**
      * Basically, this is the constructor which is called by the others.
      * It allows you to send an object of type A to the server and expect a JSON representing a object of type B.
      * The problem with the #JsonObjectRequest is that you expect a JSON at the end.
      * We can do better than that, we can directly receive our POJO.
      * That's what this class does.
      *
      * @param method:        HTTP Method
      * @param classtype:     Classtype to parse the JSON coming from the server
      * @param url:           url to be called
      * @param requestBody:   The body being sent
      * @param listener:      Listener of the request
      * @param errorListener: Error handler of the request
      * @param headers:       Added headers
      */
     private GenericRequest(int method, Class<T> classtype, String url, String requestBody,
                           Response.Listener<T> listener, Response.ErrorListener errorListener, Map<String, String> headers) {
         super(method, url, requestBody, listener,
                 errorListener);
         clazz = classtype;
         this.headers = headers;
         configureRequest();
     }

     /**
      * Method to be called if you want to send some objects to your server via body in JSON of the request (with headers and not muted)
      *
      * @param method:        HTTP Method
      * @param url:           URL to be called
      * @param classtype:     Classtype to parse the JSON returned from the server
      * @param toBeSent:      Object which will be transformed in JSON via Gson and sent to the server
      * @param listener:      Listener of the request
      * @param errorListener: Error handler of the request
      * @param headers:       Added headers
      */
     public GenericRequest(int method, String url, Class<T> classtype, Object toBeSent,
                           Response.Listener<T> listener, Response.ErrorListener errorListener, Map<String, String> headers) {
         this(method, classtype, url, new Gson().toJson(toBeSent), listener,
                 errorListener, headers);
     }

     /**
      * Method to be called if you want to send some objects to your server via body in JSON of the request (without header and not muted)
      *
      * @param method:        HTTP Method
      * @param url:           URL to be called
      * @param classtype:     Classtype to parse the JSON returned from the server
      * @param toBeSent:      Object which will be transformed in JSON via Gson and sent to the server
      * @param listener:      Listener of the request
      * @param errorListener: Error handler of the request
      */
     public GenericRequest(int method, String url, Class<T> classtype, Object toBeSent,
                           Response.Listener<T> listener, Response.ErrorListener errorListener) {
         this(method, classtype, url, new Gson().toJson(toBeSent), listener,
                 errorListener, new HashMap<String, String>());
     }

     /**
      * Method to be called if you want to send something to the server but not with a JSON, just with a defined String (without header and not muted)
      *
      * @param method:        HTTP Method
      * @param url:           URL to be called
      * @param classtype:     Classtype to parse the JSON returned from the server
      * @param requestBody:   String to be sent to the server
      * @param listener:      Listener of the request
      * @param errorListener: Error handler of the request
      */
     public GenericRequest(int method, String url, Class<T> classtype, String requestBody,
                           Response.Listener<T> listener, Response.ErrorListener errorListener) {
         this(method, classtype, url, requestBody, listener,
                 errorListener, new HashMap<String, String>());
     }

     /**
      * Method to be called if you want to GET something from the server and receive the POJO directly after the call (no JSON). (Without header)
      *
      * @param url:           URL to be called
      * @param classtype:     Classtype to parse the JSON returned from the server
      * @param listener:      Listener of the request
      * @param errorListener: Error handler of the request
      */
     public GenericRequest(String url, Class<T> classtype, Response.Listener<T> listener, Response.ErrorListener errorListener) {
         this(Request.Method.GET, url, classtype, "", listener, errorListener);
     }

     /**
      * Method to be called if you want to GET something from the server and receive the POJO directly after the call (no JSON). (With headers)
      *
      * @param url:           URL to be called
      * @param classtype:     Classtype to parse the JSON returned from the server
      * @param listener:      Listener of the request
      * @param errorListener: Error handler of the request
      * @param headers:       Added headers
      */
     public GenericRequest(String url, Class<T> classtype, Response.Listener<T> listener, Response.ErrorListener errorListener, Map<String, String> headers) {
         this(Request.Method.GET, classtype, url, "", listener, errorListener, headers);
     }

     /**
      * Method to be called if you want to send some objects to your server via body in JSON of the request (with headers and muted)
      *
      * @param method:        HTTP Method
      * @param url:           URL to be called
      * @param classtype:     Classtype to parse the JSON returned from the server
      * @param toBeSent:      Object which will be transformed in JSON via Gson and sent to the server
      * @param listener:      Listener of the request
      * @param errorListener: Error handler of the request
      * @param headers:       Added headers
      * @param mute:          Muted (put it to true, to make sense)
      */
     public GenericRequest(int method, String url, Class<T> classtype, Object toBeSent,
                           Response.Listener<T> listener, Response.ErrorListener errorListener, Map<String, String> headers, boolean mute) {
         this(method, classtype, url, new Gson().toJson(toBeSent), listener,
                 errorListener, headers);
         this.muteRequest = mute;
     }

     /**
      * Method to be called if you want to send some objects to your server via body in JSON of the request (without header and muted)
      *
      * @param method:        HTTP Method
      * @param url:           URL to be called
      * @param classtype:     Classtype to parse the JSON returned from the server
      * @param toBeSent:      Object which will be transformed in JSON via Gson and sent to the server
      * @param listener:      Listener of the request
      * @param errorListener: Error handler of the request
      * @param mute:          Muted (put it to true, to make sense)
      */
     public GenericRequest(int method, String url, Class<T> classtype, Object toBeSent,
                           Response.Listener<T> listener, Response.ErrorListener errorListener, boolean mute) {
         this(method, classtype, url, new Gson().toJson(toBeSent), listener,
                 errorListener, new HashMap<String, String>());
         this.muteRequest = mute;

     }

     /**
      * Method to be called if you want to send something to the server but not with a JSON, just with a defined String (without header and not muted)
      *
      * @param method:        HTTP Method
      * @param url:           URL to be called
      * @param classtype:     Classtype to parse the JSON returned from the server
      * @param requestBody:   String to be sent to the server
      * @param listener:      Listener of the request
      * @param errorListener: Error handler of the request
      * @param mute:          Muted (put it to true, to make sense)
      */
     public GenericRequest(int method, String url, Class<T> classtype, String requestBody,
                           Response.Listener<T> listener, Response.ErrorListener errorListener, boolean mute) {
         this(method, classtype, url, requestBody, listener,
                 errorListener, new HashMap<String, String>());
         this.muteRequest = mute;

     }


     @Override
     protected Response<T> parseNetworkResponse(NetworkResponse response) {
         // The magic of the mute request happens here
         if (muteRequest) {
             if (response.statusCode >= 200 && response.statusCode <= 299) {
                 // If the status is correct, we return a success but with a null object, because the server didn't return anything
                 return Response.success(null, HttpHeaderParser.parseCacheHeaders(response));
             }
         } else {
             try {
                 // If it's not muted; we just need to create our POJO from the returned JSON and handle correctly the errors
                 String json = new String(response.data, HttpHeaderParser.parseCharset(response.headers));
                 T parsedObject = gson.fromJson(json, clazz);
                 return Response.success(parsedObject, HttpHeaderParser.parseCacheHeaders(response));
             } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
                 return Response.error(new ParseError(e));
             } catch (JsonSyntaxException e) {
                 return Response.error(new ParseError(e));
             }
         }
         return null;
     }

     @Override
     public Map<String, String> getHeaders() throws AuthFailureError {
         return headers != null ? headers : super.getHeaders();
     }

     private void configureRequest() {
         // Set retry policy
         // Add headers, for auth for example
         // ...
     }
 }

Kelihatannya agak berlebihan tetapi cukup keren untuk memiliki semua konstruktor ini karena Anda memiliki semua kasus:

(Konstruktor utama tidak dimaksudkan untuk digunakan secara langsung meskipun, tentu saja, mungkin).

  1. Permintaan dengan tanggapan diurai ke POJO / Header secara manual mengatur / POJO ke Kirim
  2. Permintaan dengan tanggapan diurai ke POJO / POJO ke Kirim
  3. Permintaan dengan tanggapan diurai ke POJO / String untuk Kirim
  4. Permintaan dengan tanggapan diurai ke POJO (GET)
  5. Permintaan dengan respons diurai ke POJO (GET) / Header diatur secara manual
  6. Permintaan tanpa respons (200 - Empty Body) / Header secara manual mengatur / POJO ke Send
  7. Permintaan tanpa respons (200 - Empty Body) / POJO untuk Dikirim
  8. Permintaan tanpa respons (200 - Empty Body) / String to Send

Tentu saja, agar berhasil, Anda harus memiliki Google GSON Lib; tambahkan saja:

compile 'com.google.code.gson:gson:x.y.z'

ke dependensi Anda (versi saat ini 2.3.1).


41
2017-07-26 15:52



final String URL = "/volley/resource/12";
// Post params to be sent to the server
HashMap<String, String> params = new HashMap<String, String>();
params.put("token", "AbCdEfGh123456");

JsonObjectRequest req = new JsonObjectRequest(URL, new JSONObject(params),
       new Response.Listener<JSONObject>() {
           @Override
           public void onResponse(JSONObject response) {
               try {
                   VolleyLog.v("Response:%n %s", response.toString(4));
               } catch (JSONException e) {
                   e.printStackTrace();
               }
           }
       }, new Response.ErrorListener() {
           @Override
           public void onErrorResponse(VolleyError error) {
               VolleyLog.e("Error: ", error.getMessage());
           }
       });

// add the request object to the queue to be executed
ApplicationController.getInstance().addToRequestQueue(req);

lihat 


25
2017-08-28 11:24



  • Buat objek RequestQueue kelas.

    RequestQueue queue = Volley.newRequestQueue(this);
    
  • Membuat StringRequest dengan respons dan pendengar kesalahan.

     StringRequest sr = new StringRequest(Request.Method.POST,"http://api.someservice.com/post/comment", new Response.Listener<String>() {
        @Override
        public void onResponse(String response) {
            mPostCommentResponse.requestCompleted();
        }
    }, new Response.ErrorListener() {
        @Override
        public void onErrorResponse(VolleyError error) {
            mPostCommentResponse.requestEndedWithError(error);
        }
    }){
        @Override
        protected Map<String,String> getParams(){
            Map<String,String> params = new HashMap<String, String>();
            params.put("user",userAccount.getUsername());
            params.put("pass",userAccount.getPassword());
            params.put("comment", Uri.encode(comment));
            params.put("comment_post_ID",String.valueOf(postId));
            params.put("blogId",String.valueOf(blogId));
    
            return params;
        }
    
        @Override
        public Map<String, String> getHeaders() throws AuthFailureError {
            Map<String,String> params = new HashMap<String, String>();
            params.put("Content-Type","application/x-www-form-urlencoded");
            return params;
        }
    };
    
  • Tambahkan permintaan Anda ke dalam RequestQueue.

    queue.add(jsObjRequest);
    
  • Membuat PostCommentResponseListener antarmuka hanya agar Anda dapat melihatnya. Ini adalah delegasi sederhana untuk permintaan async.

    public interface PostCommentResponseListener {
    public void requestStarted();
    public void requestCompleted();
    public void requestEndedWithError(VolleyError error);
    }
    
  • Termasuk izin INTERNET di dalam AndroidManifest.xml mengajukan.

    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET"/>
    

5
2018-04-22 13:43



    final String url = "some/url";

dari pada:

    final JSONObject jsonBody = "{\"type\":\"example\"}";

Kamu dapat memakai:

  JSONObject jsonBody = new JSONObject();
    try {
        jsonBody.put("type", "my type");
    } catch (JSONException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    }
new JsonObjectRequest(url, jsonBody, new Response.Listener<JSONObject>() { ... });

3
2018-04-24 13:28



final Map<String,String> params = new HashMap<String,String>();
        params.put("email", customer.getEmail());
        params.put("password", customer.getPassword());
        String url = Constants.BASE_URL+"login";

doWebRequestPost(url, params);


public void doWebRequestPost(String url, final Map<String,String> json){
        getmDialogListener().showDialog();

    StringRequest post = new StringRequest(Request.Method.POST, url, new Response.Listener<String>() {
        @Override
        public void onResponse(String response) {
            try {
                getmDialogListener().dismissDialog();
                response....

            } catch (Exception e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
    }, new Response.ErrorListener() {
        @Override
        public void onErrorResponse(VolleyError error) {
            Log.d(App.TAG,error.toString());
            getmDialogListener().dismissDialog();

        }
    }){
        @Override
        protected Map<String, String> getParams() throws AuthFailureError {
            Map<String,String> map = json;

            return map;
        }
    };
    App.getInstance().getRequestQueue().add(post);

}

1
2018-05-08 20:31



Anda juga dapat mengirim data dengan menimpa getBody() metode dari JsonObjectRequest kelas. Seperti yang ditunjukkan di bawah ini.

    @Override
    public byte[] getBody()
    {

        JSONObject jsonObject = new JSONObject();
        String body = null;
        try
        {
            jsonObject.put("username", "user123");
            jsonObject.put("password", "Pass123");

            body = jsonObject.toString();
        } catch (JSONException e)
        {
            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

        try
        {
            return body.toString().getBytes("utf-8");
        } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e)
        {
            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return null;
    }

1
2018-04-06 13:20



protected Map<String, String> getParams() {
   Map<String, String> params = new HashMap<String, String>();

   JSONObject JObj = new JSONObject();

   try {
           JObj.put("Id","1");
           JObj.put("Name", "abc");

   } catch (Exception e) {
       e.printStackTrace();
   }

   params.put("params", JObj.toString());
   // Map.Entry<String,String>
   Log.d("Parameter", params.toString());
   return params;
}

0
2018-06-18 09:36