Pertanyaan Cara mengekspor DataTable ke Excel


Bagaimana saya bisa mengekspor a DataTable ke Excel di C #? Saya menggunakan Formulir Windows. Itu DataTable dikaitkan dengan DataGridView kontrol. Saya harus mengekspor catatan DataTable ke Excel.


75
2017-11-21 06:00


asal


Jawaban:


saya ingin merekomendasikan ClosedXML -

Anda dapat mengubah DataTable menjadi lembar kerja Excel dengan beberapa sangat kode yang dapat dibaca:

XLWorkbook wb = new XLWorkbook();
DataTable dt = GetDataTableOrWhatever();
wb.Worksheets.Add(dt,"WorksheetName");

Pengembang responsif dan membantu. Proyek ini dikembangkan secara aktif, dan pendokumentasiannya luar biasa.


94
2017-11-21 15:54



Coba kode sederhana, untuk mengonversi DataTable ke file excel sebagai csv:

var lines = new List<string>();

string[] columnNames = dataTable.Columns.Cast<DataColumn>().
                                  Select(column => column.ColumnName).
                                  ToArray();

var header = string.Join(",", columnNames);
lines.Add(header);

var valueLines = dataTable.AsEnumerable()
                   .Select(row => string.Join(",", row.ItemArray));            
lines.AddRange(valueLines);

File.WriteAllLines("excel.csv",lines);

Ini akan menulis file baru excel.csv ke "direktori kerja saat ini" yang secara umum baik di mana .exe atau di mana Anda meluncurkannya.

Perhatikan bahwa output menempatkan koma (",") antara data yang sudah ada dalam dataTable. Karena tidak lolos koma dalam data, koma dalam data akan salah ditafsirkan oleh program membaca file.


47
2017-09-21 15:49



Opsi yang elegan adalah menulis metode perluasan (lihat di bawah) untuk kelas DataTable .net framework.

Metode perpanjangan ini dapat disebut sebagai berikut:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using Excel = Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.OleDb;

DataTable dt;
// fill table data in dt here 
...

// export DataTable to excel
// save excel file without ever making it visible if filepath is given
// don't save excel file, just make it visible if no filepath is given
dt.ExportToExcel(ExcelFilePath);

Metode ekstensi untuk kelas DataTable:

public static class My_DataTable_Extensions
{

    // Export DataTable into an excel file with field names in the header line
    // - Save excel file without ever making it visible if filepath is given
    // - Don't save excel file, just make it visible if no filepath is given
    public static void ExportToExcel(this DataTable tbl, string excelFilePath = null) {
        try {
            if (tbl == null || tbl.Columns.Count == 0)
                throw new Exception("ExportToExcel: Null or empty input table!\n");

            // load excel, and create a new workbook
            var excelApp = new Excel.Application();
            excelApp.Workbooks.Add();

            // single worksheet
            Excel._Worksheet workSheet = excelApp.ActiveSheet;

            // column headings
            for (var i = 0; i < tbl.Columns.Count; i++) {
                workSheet.Cells[1, i + 1] = tbl.Columns[i].ColumnName;
            }

            // rows
            for (var i = 0; i < tbl.Rows.Count; i++) {
                // to do: format datetime values before printing
                for (var j = 0; j < tbl.Columns.Count; j++) {
                    workSheet.Cells[i + 2, j + 1] = tbl.Rows[i][j];
                }
            }

            // check file path
            if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(excelFilePath)) {
                try {
                    workSheet.SaveAs(excelFilePath);
                    excelApp.Quit();
                    MessageBox.Show("Excel file saved!");
                }
                catch (Exception ex) {
                    throw new Exception("ExportToExcel: Excel file could not be saved! Check filepath.\n"
                                        + ex.Message);
                }
            } else { // no file path is given
                excelApp.Visible = true;
            }
        }
        catch (Exception ex) {
            throw new Exception("ExportToExcel: \n" + ex.Message);
        }
    }
}

36
2017-12-20 13:29



Solusi berdasarkan tuncalik (terima kasih untuk ide) artikel, tetapi dalam hal tabel besar bekerja jauh lebih cepat (dan sedikit kurang jelas).

public static class My_DataTable_Extensions
{
    /// <summary>
    /// Export DataTable to Excel file
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="DataTable">Source DataTable</param>
    /// <param name="ExcelFilePath">Path to result file name</param>
    public static void ExportToExcel(this System.Data.DataTable DataTable, string ExcelFilePath = null)
    {
        try
        {
            int ColumnsCount;

            if (DataTable == null || (ColumnsCount = DataTable.Columns.Count) == 0)
                throw new Exception("ExportToExcel: Null or empty input table!\n");

            // load excel, and create a new workbook
            Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel.Application Excel = new Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel.Application();
            Excel.Workbooks.Add();

            // single worksheet
            Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel._Worksheet Worksheet = Excel.ActiveSheet;

            object[] Header = new object[ColumnsCount];

            // column headings               
            for (int i = 0; i < ColumnsCount; i++)
                Header[i] = DataTable.Columns[i].ColumnName;

            Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel.Range HeaderRange = Worksheet.get_Range((Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel.Range)(Worksheet.Cells[1, 1]), (Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel.Range)(Worksheet.Cells[1, ColumnsCount]));
            HeaderRange.Value = Header;
            HeaderRange.Interior.Color = System.Drawing.ColorTranslator.ToOle(System.Drawing.Color.LightGray);
            HeaderRange.Font.Bold = true;

            // DataCells
            int RowsCount = DataTable.Rows.Count;
            object[,] Cells = new object[RowsCount, ColumnsCount];

            for (int j = 0; j < RowsCount; j++)
                for (int i = 0; i < ColumnsCount; i++)
                    Cells[j, i] = DataTable.Rows[j][i];

            Worksheet.get_Range((Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel.Range)(Worksheet.Cells[2, 1]), (Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel.Range)(Worksheet.Cells[RowsCount + 1, ColumnsCount])).Value = Cells;

            // check fielpath
            if (ExcelFilePath != null && ExcelFilePath != "")
            {
                try
                {
                    Worksheet.SaveAs(ExcelFilePath);
                    Excel.Quit();
                    System.Windows.MessageBox.Show("Excel file saved!");
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {
                    throw new Exception("ExportToExcel: Excel file could not be saved! Check filepath.\n"
                        + ex.Message);
                }
            }
            else    // no filepath is given
            {
                Excel.Visible = true;
            }
        }
        catch (Exception ex)
        {
            throw new Exception("ExportToExcel: \n" + ex.Message);
        }
    }
}

17
2018-01-12 20:09



Coba fungsi ini lewat jalur data dan file di mana Anda ingin mengekspor

public void CreateCSVFile(ref DataTable dt, string strFilePath)
{            
    try
    {
        // Create the CSV file to which grid data will be exported.
        StreamWriter sw = new StreamWriter(strFilePath, false);
        // First we will write the headers.
        //DataTable dt = m_dsProducts.Tables[0];
        int iColCount = dt.Columns.Count;
        for (int i = 0; i < iColCount; i++)
        {
            sw.Write(dt.Columns[i]);
            if (i < iColCount - 1)
            {
                sw.Write(",");
            }
        }
        sw.Write(sw.NewLine);

        // Now write all the rows.

        foreach (DataRow dr in dt.Rows)
        {
            for (int i = 0; i < iColCount; i++)
            {
                if (!Convert.IsDBNull(dr[i]))
                {
                    sw.Write(dr[i].ToString());
                }
                if (i < iColCount - 1)
                {
                    sw.Write(",");
                }
            }

            sw.Write(sw.NewLine);
        }
        sw.Close();
    }
    catch (Exception ex)
    {
        throw ex;
    }
}

12
2017-11-21 10:27



Cara terbaik dan termudah

private void exportToExcel(DataTable dt)
    {

        /*Set up work book, work sheets, and excel application*/
        Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel.Application oexcel = new Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel.Application();
        try
        {
            string path = AppDomain.CurrentDomain.BaseDirectory;
            object misValue = System.Reflection.Missing.Value;
            Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel.Workbook obook = oexcel.Workbooks.Add(misValue);
            Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel.Worksheet osheet = new Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel.Worksheet();


          //  obook.Worksheets.Add(misValue);

            osheet = (Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel.Worksheet)obook.Sheets["Sheet1"];
            int colIndex = 0;
            int rowIndex = 1;

            foreach (DataColumn dc in dt.Columns)
            {
                colIndex++;
                osheet.Cells[1, colIndex] = dc.ColumnName;
            }
            foreach (DataRow dr in dt.Rows)
            {
                rowIndex++;
                colIndex = 0;

                foreach (DataColumn dc in dt.Columns)
                {
                    colIndex++;
                    osheet.Cells[rowIndex, colIndex] = dr[dc.ColumnName];
                }
            }

            osheet.Columns.AutoFit();
            string filepath = "C:\\Temp\\Book1";

            //Release and terminate excel

            obook.SaveAs(filepath);
            obook.Close();
            oexcel.Quit();
            releaseObject(osheet);

            releaseObject(obook);

            releaseObject(oexcel);
            GC.Collect();
        }
        catch (Exception ex)
        {
            oexcel.Quit();
            log.AddToErrorLog(ex, this.Name);
        }
    }

4
2017-08-26 19:59



Kamu dapat memakai EasyXLS itu adalah pustaka untuk mengekspor file Excel.

Periksa kode ini:

DataSet ds = new DataSet();
ds.Tables.Add(dataTable);

ExcelDocument xls = new ExcelDocument();
xls.easy_WriteXLSFile_FromDataSet("datatable.xls", ds, 
           new ExcelAutoFormat(Styles.AUTOFORMAT_EASYXLS1), "DataTable");

Lihat juga contoh ini tentang bagaimana caranya ekspor datatable untuk unggul di C #.


1
2018-04-24 07:47