Pertanyaan Kirim file melalui HTTP POST dengan C #


Saya sudah mencari dan membaca tentang itu dan tidak bisa apa pun yang benar-benar berguna.

Saya menulis aplikasi C # win kecil yang memungkinkan pengguna untuk mengirim file ke server web, bukan dengan FTP, tetapi dengan HTTP menggunakan POST. Anggap saja seperti formulir web tetapi berjalan pada aplikasi windows.

Saya memiliki objek HttpWebRequest saya yang dibuat menggunakan sesuatu seperti ini

HttpWebRequest req = WebRequest.Create(uri) as HttpWebRequest 

dan juga mengatur Method, ContentType dan ContentLength properti. Tapi sejauh itulah saya bisa pergi.

Ini adalah bagian kode saya:

HttpWebRequest req = WebRequest.Create(uri) as HttpWebRequest;
req.KeepAlive = false;
req.Method = "POST";
req.Credentials = new NetworkCredential(user.UserName, user.UserPassword);
req.PreAuthenticate = true;
req.ContentType = file.ContentType;
req.ContentLength = file.Length;
HttpWebResponse response = null;

try
{
    response = req.GetResponse() as HttpWebResponse;
}
catch (Exception e) 
{
}

Jadi pertanyaan saya pada dasarnya adalah bagaimana saya bisa mengirim fie (file teks, gambar, audio, dll) dengan C # melalui HTTP POST.

Terima kasih!


76
2017-07-15 13:31


asal


Jawaban:


Menggunakan .NET 4.5 (atau .NET 4.0 dengan menambahkan Microsoft.Net.Http paket dari NuGet) ada cara yang lebih mudah untuk mensimulasikan permintaan formulir. Berikut ini contohnya:

private async Task<System.IO.Stream> Upload(string actionUrl, string paramString, Stream paramFileStream, byte [] paramFileBytes)
{
    HttpContent stringContent = new StringContent(paramString);
    HttpContent fileStreamContent = new StreamContent(paramFileStream);
    HttpContent bytesContent = new ByteArrayContent(paramFileBytes);
    using (var client = new HttpClient())
    using (var formData = new MultipartFormDataContent())
    {
        formData.Add(stringContent, "param1", "param1");
        formData.Add(fileStreamContent, "file1", "file1");
        formData.Add(bytesContent, "file2", "file2");
        var response = await client.PostAsync(actionUrl, formData);
        if (!response.IsSuccessStatusCode)
        {
            return null;
        }
        return await response.Content.ReadAsStreamAsync();
    }
}

88
2017-10-29 17:15



Untuk mengirim file mentah hanya:

using(WebClient client = new WebClient()) {
    client.UploadFile(address, filePath);
}

Jika Anda ingin meniru formulir browser dengan <input type="file"/>, maka itu lebih sulit. Lihat jawaban ini untuk jawaban multipart / form-data.


43
2017-07-15 13:32



Untuk saya client.UploadFile masih membungkus konten dalam permintaan multipart jadi saya harus melakukannya seperti ini:

using (WebClient client = new WebClient())
{
    client.Headers.Add("Content-Type", "application/octet-stream");
    using (Stream fileStream = File.OpenRead(filePath))
    using (Stream requestStream = client.OpenWrite(new Uri(fileUploadUrl), "POST"))
    {
        fileStream.CopyTo(requestStream);
    }
}

6
2017-07-21 09:31



Saya mendapat masalah yang sama dan kode berikut ini menjawab dengan sempurna pada masalah ini:

//Identificate separator
string boundary = "---------------------------" + DateTime.Now.Ticks.ToString("x");
//Encoding
byte[] boundarybytes = System.Text.Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes("\r\n--" + boundary + "\r\n");

//Creation and specification of the request
HttpWebRequest wr = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create(url); //sVal is id for the webService
wr.ContentType = "multipart/form-data; boundary=" + boundary;
wr.Method = "POST";
wr.KeepAlive = true;
wr.Credentials = System.Net.CredentialCache.DefaultCredentials;

string sAuthorization = "login:password";//AUTHENTIFICATION BEGIN
byte[] toEncodeAsBytes = System.Text.ASCIIEncoding.ASCII.GetBytes(sAuthorization);
string returnValue = System.Convert.ToBase64String(toEncodeAsBytes);
wr.Headers.Add("Authorization: Basic " + returnValue); //AUTHENTIFICATION END
Stream rs = wr.GetRequestStream();


string formdataTemplate = "Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"{0}\"\r\n\r\n{1}"; //For the POST's format

//Writting of the file
rs.Write(boundarybytes, 0, boundarybytes.Length);
byte[] formitembytes = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(Server.MapPath("questions.pdf"));
rs.Write(formitembytes, 0, formitembytes.Length);

rs.Write(boundarybytes, 0, boundarybytes.Length);

string headerTemplate = "Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"{0}\"; filename=\"{1}\"\r\nContent-Type: {2}\r\n\r\n";
string header = string.Format(headerTemplate, "file", "questions.pdf", contentType);
byte[] headerbytes = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(header);
rs.Write(headerbytes, 0, headerbytes.Length);

FileStream fileStream = new FileStream(Server.MapPath("questions.pdf"), FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read);
byte[] buffer = new byte[4096];
int bytesRead = 0;
while ((bytesRead = fileStream.Read(buffer, 0, buffer.Length)) != 0)
{
    rs.Write(buffer, 0, bytesRead);
}
fileStream.Close();

byte[] trailer = System.Text.Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes("\r\n--" + boundary + "--\r\n");
rs.Write(trailer, 0, trailer.Length);
rs.Close();
rs = null;

WebResponse wresp = null;
try
{
    //Get the response
    wresp = wr.GetResponse();
    Stream stream2 = wresp.GetResponseStream();
    StreamReader reader2 = new StreamReader(stream2);
    string responseData = reader2.ReadToEnd();
}
catch (Exception ex)
{
    string s = ex.Message;
}
finally
{
    if (wresp != null)
    {
        wresp.Close();
        wresp = null;
    }
    wr = null;
}

4
2018-06-11 15:01



Anda perlu menulis file Anda ke aliran permintaan:

using (var reqStream = req.GetRequestStream()) 
{    
    reqStream.Write( ... ) // write the bytes of the file
}

3
2017-07-15 13:35



Untuk memposting file seperti dari susunan byte:

private static string UploadFilesToRemoteUrl(string url, IList<byte[]> files, NameValueCollection nvc) {

        string boundary = "----------------------------" + DateTime.Now.Ticks.ToString("x");

        var request = (HttpWebRequest) WebRequest.Create(url);
        request.ContentType = "multipart/form-data; boundary=" + boundary;
        request.Method = "POST";
        request.KeepAlive = true;
        var postQueue = new ByteArrayCustomQueue();

        var formdataTemplate = "\r\n--" + boundary + "\r\nContent-Disposition: form-data; name=\"{0}\";\r\n\r\n{1}";

        foreach (string key in nvc.Keys) {
            var formitem = string.Format(formdataTemplate, key, nvc[key]);
            var formitembytes = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(formitem);
            postQueue.Write(formitembytes);
        }

        var headerTemplate = "\r\n--" + boundary + "\r\n" +
            "Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"{0}\"; filename=\"{1}\"\r\n" + 
            "Content-Type: application/zip\r\n\r\n";

        var i = 0;
        foreach (var file in files) {
            var header = string.Format(headerTemplate, "file" + i, "file" + i + ".zip");
            var headerbytes = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(header);
            postQueue.Write(headerbytes);
            postQueue.Write(file);
            i++;
        }

        postQueue.Write(Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes("\r\n--" + boundary + "--"));

        request.ContentLength = postQueue.Length;

        using (var requestStream = request.GetRequestStream()) {
            postQueue.CopyToStream(requestStream);
            requestStream.Close();
        }

        var webResponse2 = request.GetResponse();

        using (var stream2 = webResponse2.GetResponseStream())
        using (var reader2 = new StreamReader(stream2)) {

            var res =  reader2.ReadToEnd();
            webResponse2.Close();
            return res;
        }
    }

public class ByteArrayCustomQueue {

    private LinkedList<byte[]> arrays = new LinkedList<byte[]>();

    /// <summary>
    /// Writes the specified data.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="data">The data.</param>
    public void Write(byte[] data) {
        arrays.AddLast(data);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Gets the length.
    /// </summary>
    /// <value>
    /// The length.
    /// </value>
    public int Length { get { return arrays.Sum(x => x.Length); } }

    /// <summary>
    /// Copies to stream.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="requestStream">The request stream.</param>
    /// <exception cref="System.NotImplementedException"></exception>
    public void CopyToStream(Stream requestStream) {
        foreach (var array in arrays) {
            requestStream.Write(array, 0, array.Length);
        }
    }
}

0
2018-01-08 07:58



     public string SendFile(string filePath)
            {
                WebResponse response = null;
                try
                {
                    string sWebAddress = "Https://www.address.com";

                    string boundary = "---------------------------" + DateTime.Now.Ticks.ToString("x");
                    byte[] boundarybytes = System.Text.Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes("\r\n--" + boundary + "\r\n");
                    HttpWebRequest wr = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create(sWebAddress);
                    wr.ContentType = "multipart/form-data; boundary=" + boundary;
                    wr.Method = "POST";
                    wr.KeepAlive = true;
                    wr.Credentials = System.Net.CredentialCache.DefaultCredentials;
                    Stream stream = wr.GetRequestStream();
                    string formdataTemplate = "Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"{0}\"\r\n\r\n{1}";

                    stream.Write(boundarybytes, 0, boundarybytes.Length);
                    byte[] formitembytes = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(filePath);
                    stream.Write(formitembytes, 0, formitembytes.Length);
                    stream.Write(boundarybytes, 0, boundarybytes.Length);
                    string headerTemplate = "Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"{0}\"; filename=\"{1}\"\r\nContent-Type: {2}\r\n\r\n";
                    string header = string.Format(headerTemplate, "file", Path.GetFileName(filePath), Path.GetExtension(filePath));
                    byte[] headerbytes = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(header);
                    stream.Write(headerbytes, 0, headerbytes.Length);

                    FileStream fileStream = new FileStream(filePath, FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read);
                    byte[] buffer = new byte[4096];
                    int bytesRead = 0;
                    while ((bytesRead = fileStream.Read(buffer, 0, buffer.Length)) != 0)
                        stream.Write(buffer, 0, bytesRead);
                    fileStream.Close();

                    byte[] trailer = System.Text.Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes("\r\n--" + boundary + "--\r\n");
                    stream.Write(trailer, 0, trailer.Length);
                    stream.Close();

                    response = wr.GetResponse();
                    Stream responseStream = response.GetResponseStream();
                    StreamReader streamReader = new StreamReader(responseStream);
                    string responseData = streamReader.ReadToEnd();
                    return responseData;
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {
                    return ex.Message;
                }
                finally
                {
                    if (response != null)
                        response.Close();
                }
            }

0
2018-02-21 09:10