Pertanyaan Menggunakan Apache httpclient untuk https


Saya telah mengaktifkan https di tomcat dan memiliki sertifikat yang ditandatangani sendiri untuk auth server. Saya telah membuat klien http menggunakan Apache httpClient. Saya telah menetapkan pengelola kepercayaan yang memuat sertifikat server. Klien http dapat terhubung dengan server tidak masalah. Untuk melihat apa yang terjadi saya mengaktifkan debug:

System.setProperty("javax.net.debug", "ssl");

Saya melihat hal-hal berikut yang tidak dapat saya pahami sama sekali:

***
adding as trusted cert:
  Subject: CN=Me, OU=MyHouse, O=Home, L=X, ST=X, C=BB
  Issuer:  CN=Me, OU=MyHouse, O=Home, L=X, ST=X, C=BB
  Algorithm: RSA; Serial number: 0x4d72356b
  Valid from Sat Mar 05 15:06:51 EET 2011 until Fri Jun 03 16:06:51 EEST 2011 

Sertifikat saya ditampilkan dan ditambahkan ke truststore (seperti yang saya lihat). Kemudian:

trigger seeding of SecureRandom
done seeding SecureRandom

Berikut ini adalah bagian dari penelusuran debug yang tidak saya dapatkan:

trustStore is: C:\Program Files\Java\jre6\lib\security\cacerts
trustStore type is : jks
trustStore provider is : 
init truststore
adding as trusted cert:
  Subject: CN=SwissSign Platinum CA - G2, O=SwissSign AG, C=CH
  Issuer:  CN=SwissSign Platinum CA - G2, O=SwissSign AG, C=CH
  Algorithm: RSA; Serial number: 0x4eb200670c035d4f
  Valid from Wed Oct 25 11:36:00 EEST 2006 until Sat Oct 25 11:36:00 EEST 2036

adding as trusted cert:
  Subject: EMAILADDRESS=info@valicert.com, CN=http://www.valicert.com/, OU=ValiCert Class 1 Policy Validation Authority, O="ValiCert, Inc.", L=ValiCert Validation Network
  Issuer:  EMAILADDRESS=info@valicert.com, CN=http://www.valicert.com/, OU=ValiCert Class 1 Policy Validation Authority, O="ValiCert, Inc.", L=ValiCert Validation Network
  Algorithm: RSA; Serial number: 0x1
  Valid from Sat Jun 26 01:23:48 EEST 1999 until Wed Jun 26 01:23:48 EEST 2019

Tampaknya itu juga menggunakan toko kepercayaan java default! Pertanyaan saya adalah mengapa ini terjadi?

Dalam kode saya, saya menetapkan secara eksplisit sebuah toko kepercayaan khusus untuk digunakan (melalui truststoremanagers). Saya mengharapkan hanya ini yang akan digunakan. Tampaknya baik truststore dan default java saya sedang digunakan. Apakah ini cara kerjanya?

MEMPERBARUI:
Saya mencoba yang berikut ini:

System.out.println("TMF No:"+tmf.getTrustManagers().length);
System.out.println("Class is "+tmf.getTrustManagers()[0].getClass().getName());  

Saya berpikir bahwa saya harus melihat 2 manajer kepercayaan, karena 2 keystroke (default saya dan java tampaknya digunakan).
Tapi hasilnya hanya 1 manajer kepercayaan!

TMF No:1
Class is com.sun.net.ssl.internal.ssl.X509TrustManagerImpl  

UPDATE2:  Seperti yang Anda lihat di kode di bawah ini saya tentukan keystore saya. Harapan saya adalah bahwa hanya ini yang harus digunakan (bukan ini dan cacert juga)

    HttpClient client = new DefaultHttpClient();
    SSLContext sslContext = SSLContext.getInstance("TLS");      

    TrustManagerFactory tmf = TrustManagerFactory.getInstance(TrustManagerFactory.getDefaultAlgorithm());
    KeyStore ks = KeyStore.getInstance("JKS");
    File trustFile = new File("clientTrustStore.jks");
    ks.load(new FileInputStream(trustFile), null);
    tmf.init(ks);
    sslContext.init(null, tmf.getTrustManagers(),null);  
    SSLSocketFactory sf = new SSLSocketFactory(sslContext); 
    sf.setHostnameVerifier(SSLSocketFactory.ALLOW_ALL_HOSTNAME_VERIFIER);
    Scheme scheme = new Scheme("https", sf, 443);
    client.getConnectionManager().getSchemeRegistry().register(scheme);
    httpGet = new HttpGet("https://localhost:8443/myApp");
    HttpResponse httpResponse = client.execute(httpGet);

Tidak masuk akal bagi saya.


32
2018-03-05 18:49


asal


Jawaban:


Saya mengumpulkan aplikasi tes ini untuk mereproduksi masalah menggunakan kerangka pengujian HTTP dari paket Apache HttpClient:

ClassLoader cl = HCTest.class.getClassLoader();
URL url = cl.getResource("test.keystore");
KeyStore keystore  = KeyStore.getInstance("jks");
char[] pwd = "nopassword".toCharArray();
keystore.load(url.openStream(), pwd);

TrustManagerFactory tmf = TrustManagerFactory.getInstance(
        TrustManagerFactory.getDefaultAlgorithm());
tmf.init(keystore);
TrustManager[] tm = tmf.getTrustManagers();

KeyManagerFactory kmfactory = KeyManagerFactory.getInstance(
        KeyManagerFactory.getDefaultAlgorithm());
kmfactory.init(keystore, pwd);
KeyManager[] km = kmfactory.getKeyManagers();

SSLContext sslcontext = SSLContext.getInstance("TLS");
sslcontext.init(km, tm, null);

LocalTestServer localServer = new LocalTestServer(sslcontext);
localServer.registerDefaultHandlers();

localServer.start();
try {

    DefaultHttpClient httpclient = new DefaultHttpClient();
    TrustStrategy trustStrategy = new TrustStrategy() {

        public boolean isTrusted(X509Certificate[] chain, String authType) throws CertificateException {
            for (X509Certificate cert: chain) {
                System.err.println(cert);
            }
            return false;
        }

    };

    SSLSocketFactory sslsf = new SSLSocketFactory("TLS", null, null, keystore, null,
            trustStrategy, new AllowAllHostnameVerifier());
    Scheme https = new Scheme("https", 443, sslsf);
    httpclient.getConnectionManager().getSchemeRegistry().register(https);

    InetSocketAddress address = localServer.getServiceAddress();
    HttpHost target1 = new HttpHost(address.getHostName(), address.getPort(), "https");
    HttpGet httpget1 = new HttpGet("/random/100");
    HttpResponse response1 = httpclient.execute(target1, httpget1);
    System.err.println(response1.getStatusLine());
    HttpEntity entity1 = response1.getEntity();
    EntityUtils.consume(entity1);
    HttpHost target2 = new HttpHost("www.verisign.com", 443, "https");
    HttpGet httpget2 = new HttpGet("/");
    HttpResponse response2 = httpclient.execute(target2, httpget2);
    System.err.println(response2.getStatusLine());
    HttpEntity entity2 = response2.getEntity();
    EntityUtils.consume(entity2);
} finally {
    localServer.stop();
}

Meskipun, implementasi JSSE Sun tampaknya selalu membaca trust material dari default trust store untuk beberapa alasan, sepertinya tidak ditambahkan ke konteks SSL dan berdampak pada proses verifikasi kepercayaan selama handshake SSL.

Inilah keluaran dari aplikasi tes. Seperti yang Anda lihat, permintaan pertama berhasil sedangkan yang kedua gagal sebagai koneksi ke www.verisign.com ditolak sebagai tidak dipercaya.

[
[
  Version: V1
  Subject: CN=Simple Test Http Server, OU=Jakarta HttpClient Project, O=Apache Software Foundation, L=Unknown, ST=Unknown, C=Unknown
  Signature Algorithm: SHA1withDSA, OID = 1.2.840.10040.4.3

  Key:  Sun DSA Public Key
    Parameters:DSA
    p:     fd7f5381 1d751229 52df4a9c 2eece4e7 f611b752 3cef4400 c31e3f80 b6512669
    455d4022 51fb593d 8d58fabf c5f5ba30 f6cb9b55 6cd7813b 801d346f f26660b7
    6b9950a5 a49f9fe8 047b1022 c24fbba9 d7feb7c6 1bf83b57 e7c6a8a6 150f04fb
    83f6d3c5 1ec30235 54135a16 9132f675 f3ae2b61 d72aeff2 2203199d d14801c7
    q:     9760508f 15230bcc b292b982 a2eb840b f0581cf5
    g:     f7e1a085 d69b3dde cbbcab5c 36b857b9 7994afbb fa3aea82 f9574c0b 3d078267
    5159578e bad4594f e6710710 8180b449 167123e8 4c281613 b7cf0932 8cc8a6e1
    3c167a8b 547c8d28 e0a3ae1e 2bb3a675 916ea37f 0bfa2135 62f1fb62 7a01243b
    cca4f1be a8519089 a883dfe1 5ae59f06 928b665e 807b5525 64014c3b fecf492a

  y:
    f0cc639f 702fd3b1 03fa8fa6 676c3756 ea505448 23cd1147 fdfa2d7f 662f7c59
    a02ddc1a fd76673e 25210344 cebbc0e7 6250fff1 a814a59f 30ff5c7e c4f186d8
    f0fd346c 29ea270d b054c040 c74a9fc0 55a7020f eacf9f66 a0d86d04 4f4d23de
    7f1d681f 45c4c674 5762b71b 808ded17 05b74baf 8de3c4ab 2ef662e3 053af09e

  Validity: [From: Sat Dec 11 14:48:35 CET 2004,
               To: Tue Dec 09 14:48:35 CET 2014]
  Issuer: CN=Simple Test Http Server, OU=Jakarta HttpClient Project, O=Apache Software Foundation, L=Unknown, ST=Unknown, C=Unknown
  SerialNumber: [    41bafab3]

]
  Algorithm: [SHA1withDSA]
  Signature:
0000: 30 2D 02 15 00 85 BE 6B   D0 91 EF 34 72 05 FF 1A  0-.....k...4r...
0010: DB F6 DE BF 92 53 9B 14   27 02 14 37 8D E8 CB AC  .....S..'..7....
0020: 4E 6C 93 F2 1F 7D 20 A1   2D 6F 80 5F 58 AE 33     Nl.... .-o._X.3

]
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
[
[
  Version: V3
  Subject: CN=www.verisign.com, OU=" Production Security Services", O="VeriSign, Inc.", STREET=487 East Middlefield Road, L=Mountain View, ST=California, OID.2.5.4.17=94043, C=US, SERIALNUMBER=2497886, OID.2.5.4.15="V1.0, Clause 5.(b)", OID.1.3.6.1.4.1.311.60.2.1.2=Delaware, OID.1.3.6.1.4.1.311.60.2.1.3=US
  Signature Algorithm: SHA1withRSA, OID = 1.2.840.113549.1.1.5

  Key:  Sun RSA public key, 2048 bits
  modulus: 20699622354183393041832954221256409980425015218949582822286196083815087464214375375678538878841956356687753084333860738385445545061253653910861690581771234068858443439641948884498053425403458465980515883570440998475638309355278206558031134532548167239684215445939526428677429035048018486881592078320341210422026566944903775926801017506416629554190534665876551381066249522794321313235316733139718653035476771717662585319643139144923795822646805045585537550376512087897918635167815735560529881178122744633480557211052246428978388768010050150525266771462988042507883304193993556759733514505590387262811565107773578140271
  public exponent: 65537
  Validity: [From: Wed May 26 02:00:00 CEST 2010,
               To: Sat May 26 01:59:59 CEST 2012]
  Issuer: CN=VeriSign Class 3 Extended Validation SSL SGC CA, OU=Terms of use at https://www.verisign.com/rpa (c)06, OU=VeriSign Trust Network, O="VeriSign, Inc.", C=US
  SerialNumber: [    53d2bef9 24a7245e 83ca01e4 6caa2477]

Certificate Extensions: 10
[1]: ObjectId: 1.3.6.1.5.5.7.1.1 Criticality=false
AuthorityInfoAccess [
  [accessMethod: 1.3.6.1.5.5.7.48.1
   accessLocation: URIName: http://EVIntl-ocsp.verisign.com, accessMethod: 1.3.6.1.5.5.7.48.2
   accessLocation: URIName: http://EVIntl-aia.verisign.com/EVIntl2006.cer]
]

...

]
Exception in thread "main" javax.net.ssl.SSLPeerUnverifiedException: peer not authenticated
    at com.sun.net.ssl.internal.ssl.SSLSessionImpl.getPeerCertificates(SSLSessionImpl.java:345)
    at org.apache.http.conn.ssl.AbstractVerifier.verify(AbstractVerifier.java:128)
    at org.apache.http.conn.ssl.SSLSocketFactory.createLayeredSocket(SSLSocketFactory.java:446)
...

23
2018-03-08 12:32



Ketika saya menggunakan Apache HTTP Client 4.3, saya menggunakan Pooled atau Basic Connection Manager ke Klien HTTP. Saya perhatikan, dari menggunakan debugging SSL Java, bahwa kelas-kelas ini memuat toko kepercayaan cacerts dan bukan yang telah saya tentukan secara terprogram.

PoolingHttpClientConnectionManager cm = new PoolingHttpClientConnectionManager();
BasicHttpClientConnectionManager cm = new BasicHttpClientConnectionManager();
builder.setConnectionManager( cm );

Saya ingin menggunakannya tetapi akhirnya menghapusnya dan membuat Klien HTTP tanpa mereka. Perhatikan bahwa builder adalah HttpClientBuilder.

Saya menegaskan ketika menjalankan program saya dengan bendera debug SSL Java, dan berhenti di debugger. Saya menggunakan -Djavax.net.debug = ssl sebagai argumen VM. Saya menghentikan kode saya di debugger dan ketika salah satu di atas * ClientConnectionManager dibangun, file cacerts akan dimuat.


4
2018-06-06 14:23



Inilah yang berhasil untuk saya:

    KeyStore keyStore  = KeyStore.getInstance("PKCS12");
    FileInputStream instream = new FileInputStream(new File("client-p12-keystore.p12"));
    try {
        keyStore.load(instream, "password".toCharArray());
    } finally {
        instream.close();
    }

    // Trust own CA and all self-signed certs
    SSLContext sslcontext = SSLContexts.custom()
        .loadKeyMaterial(keyStore, "password".toCharArray())
        //.loadTrustMaterial(trustStore, new TrustSelfSignedStrategy())
        .build();
    // Allow TLSv1 protocol only
    SSLConnectionSocketFactory sslsf = new SSLConnectionSocketFactory(
        sslcontext,
        new String[] { "TLSv1" },
        null,
        SSLConnectionSocketFactory.ALLOW_ALL_HOSTNAME_VERIFIER); //TODO
    CloseableHttpClient httpclient = HttpClients.custom()
        .setHostnameVerifier(SSLConnectionSocketFactory.ALLOW_ALL_HOSTNAME_VERIFIER) //TODO
        .setSSLSocketFactory(sslsf)
        .build();
    try {

        HttpGet httpget = new HttpGet("https://localhost:8443/secure/index");

        System.out.println("executing request" + httpget.getRequestLine());

        CloseableHttpResponse response = httpclient.execute(httpget);
        try {
            HttpEntity entity = response.getEntity();

            System.out.println("----------------------------------------");
            System.out.println(response.getStatusLine());
            if (entity != null) {
                System.out.println("Response content length: " + entity.getContentLength());
            }
            EntityUtils.consume(entity);
        } finally {
            response.close();
        }
    } finally {
        httpclient.close();
    }
}

Kode ini adalah versi modifikasi dari http://hc.apache.org/httpcomponents-client-4.3.x/httpclient/examples/org/apache/http/examples/client/ClientCustomSSL.java


4
2017-11-06 12:59



Menurut dokumentasi Anda perlu menentukan penyimpanan kunci:

Protocol authhttps = new Protocol("https",  
      new AuthSSLProtocolSocketFactory(
          new URL("file:my.keystore"), "mypassword",
          new URL("file:my.truststore"), "mypassword"), 443); 

 HttpClient client = new HttpClient();
 client.getHostConfiguration().setHost("localhost", 443, authhttps);

2
2018-03-05 21:18