Pertanyaan Git ignore file untuk proyek Xcode


File mana yang harus saya sertakan .gitignore ketika menggunakan Git setara dengan Xcode?


818
2017-09-08 11:07


asal


Jawaban:


Mod: Harap tidak menyetujui pengeditan untuk jawaban ini. Sejauh ini, setiap pengeditan telah TAK LANGSUNG dan menyebabkan DATA RUGI. Tolong tinggalkan jawaban ini sendiri!


Jika Anda ingin mengedit jawaban ini ... jangan. Baca semuanya terlebih dahulu - ada cara mudah bagi Anda untuk membuat garpu sendiri, dan jika itu tidak cukup maka komentari saja.


Sebelumnya saya menggunakan jawaban atas pilihan, tetapi perlu sedikit pembersihan, jadi di sini itu kembali dilakukan untuk Xcode 4, dengan beberapa perbaikan.

Saya telah melakukan penelitian setiap file dalam daftar ini, tetapi beberapa di antaranya tidak ada dalam dokumen xcode resmi Apple, jadi saya harus pergi ke milis Apple.

Apple terus menambahkan file tidak berdokumen, berpotensi merusak proyek langsung kami. IMHO ini tidak dapat diterima, dan saya sekarang mulai menebangi bug setiap kali mereka melakukannya. Saya tahu mereka tidak peduli, tetapi mungkin itu akan membuat malu salah satu dari mereka untuk memperlakukan pengembang lebih adil.


Jika Anda perlu menyesuaikan, inilah intinya Anda dapat garpu: https://gist.github.com/3786883


#########################
# .gitignore file for Xcode4 and Xcode5 Source projects
#
# Apple bugs, waiting for Apple to fix/respond:
#
#    15564624 - what does the xccheckout file in Xcode5 do? Where's the documentation?
#
# Version 2.6
# For latest version, see: http://stackoverflow.com/questions/49478/git-ignore-file-for-xcode-projects
#
# 2015 updates:
# - Fixed typo in "xccheckout" line - thanks to @lyck for pointing it out!
# - Fixed the .idea optional ignore. Thanks to @hashier for pointing this out
# - Finally added "xccheckout" to the ignore. Apple still refuses to answer support requests about this, but in practice it seems you should ignore it.
# - minor tweaks from Jona and Coeur (slightly more precise xc* filtering/names)
# 2014 updates:
# - appended non-standard items DISABLED by default (uncomment if you use those tools)
# - removed the edit that an SO.com moderator made without bothering to ask me
# - researched CocoaPods .lock more carefully, thanks to Gokhan Celiker
# 2013 updates:
# - fixed the broken "save personal Schemes"
# - added line-by-line explanations for EVERYTHING (some were missing)
#
# NB: if you are storing "built" products, this WILL NOT WORK,
# and you should use a different .gitignore (or none at all)
# This file is for SOURCE projects, where there are many extra
# files that we want to exclude
#
#########################

#####
# OS X temporary files that should never be committed
#
# c.f. http://www.westwind.com/reference/os-x/invisibles.html

.DS_Store

# c.f. http://www.westwind.com/reference/os-x/invisibles.html

.Trashes

# c.f. http://www.westwind.com/reference/os-x/invisibles.html

*.swp

#
# *.lock - this is used and abused by many editors for many different things.
#    For the main ones I use (e.g. Eclipse), it should be excluded 
#    from source-control, but YMMV.
#   (lock files are usually local-only file-synchronization on the local FS that should NOT go in git)
# c.f. the "OPTIONAL" section at bottom though, for tool-specific variations!
#
# In particular, if you're using CocoaPods, you'll want to comment-out this line:
*.lock


#
# profile - REMOVED temporarily (on double-checking, I can't find it in OS X docs?)
#profile


####
# Xcode temporary files that should never be committed
# 
# NB: NIB/XIB files still exist even on Storyboard projects, so we want this...

*~.nib


####
# Xcode build files -
#
# NB: slash on the end, so we only remove the FOLDER, not any files that were badly named "DerivedData"

DerivedData/

# NB: slash on the end, so we only remove the FOLDER, not any files that were badly named "build"

build/


#####
# Xcode private settings (window sizes, bookmarks, breakpoints, custom executables, smart groups)
#
# This is complicated:
#
# SOMETIMES you need to put this file in version control.
# Apple designed it poorly - if you use "custom executables", they are
#  saved in this file.
# 99% of projects do NOT use those, so they do NOT want to version control this file.
#  ..but if you're in the 1%, comment out the line "*.pbxuser"

# .pbxuser: http://lists.apple.com/archives/xcode-users/2004/Jan/msg00193.html

*.pbxuser

# .mode1v3: http://lists.apple.com/archives/xcode-users/2007/Oct/msg00465.html

*.mode1v3

# .mode2v3: http://lists.apple.com/archives/xcode-users/2007/Oct/msg00465.html

*.mode2v3

# .perspectivev3: http://stackoverflow.com/questions/5223297/xcode-projects-what-is-a-perspectivev3-file

*.perspectivev3

#    NB: also, whitelist the default ones, some projects need to use these
!default.pbxuser
!default.mode1v3
!default.mode2v3
!default.perspectivev3


####
# Xcode 4 - semi-personal settings
#
# Apple Shared data that Apple put in the wrong folder
# c.f. http://stackoverflow.com/a/19260712/153422
#     FROM ANSWER: Apple says "don't ignore it"
#     FROM COMMENTS: Apple is wrong; Apple code is too buggy to trust; there are no known negative side-effects to ignoring Apple's unofficial advice and instead doing the thing that actively fixes bugs in Xcode
# Up to you, but ... current advice: ignore it.
*.xccheckout

#
#
# OPTION 1: ---------------------------------
#     throw away ALL personal settings (including custom schemes!
#     - unless they are "shared")
# As per build/ and DerivedData/, this ought to have a trailing slash
#
# NB: this is exclusive with OPTION 2 below
xcuserdata/

# OPTION 2: ---------------------------------
#     get rid of ALL personal settings, but KEEP SOME OF THEM
#     - NB: you must manually uncomment the bits you want to keep
#
# NB: this *requires* git v1.8.2 or above; you may need to upgrade to latest OS X,
#    or manually install git over the top of the OS X version
# NB: this is exclusive with OPTION 1 above
#
#xcuserdata/**/*

#     (requires option 2 above): Personal Schemes
#
#!xcuserdata/**/xcschemes/*

####
# Xcode 4 workspaces - more detailed
#
# Workspaces are important! They are a core feature of Xcode - don't exclude them :)
#
# Workspace layout is quite spammy. For reference:
#
# /(root)/
#   /(project-name).xcodeproj/
#     project.pbxproj
#     /project.xcworkspace/
#       contents.xcworkspacedata
#       /xcuserdata/
#         /(your name)/xcuserdatad/
#           UserInterfaceState.xcuserstate
#     /xcshareddata/
#       /xcschemes/
#         (shared scheme name).xcscheme
#     /xcuserdata/
#       /(your name)/xcuserdatad/
#         (private scheme).xcscheme
#         xcschememanagement.plist
#
#

####
# Xcode 4 - Deprecated classes
#
# Allegedly, if you manually "deprecate" your classes, they get moved here.
#
# We're using source-control, so this is a "feature" that we do not want!

*.moved-aside

####
# OPTIONAL: Some well-known tools that people use side-by-side with Xcode / iOS development
#
# NB: I'd rather not include these here, but gitignore's design is weak and doesn't allow
#     modular gitignore: you have to put EVERYTHING in one file.
#
# COCOAPODS:
#
# c.f. http://guides.cocoapods.org/using/using-cocoapods.html#what-is-a-podfilelock
# c.f. http://guides.cocoapods.org/using/using-cocoapods.html#should-i-ignore-the-pods-directory-in-source-control
#
#!Podfile.lock
#
# RUBY:
#
# c.f. http://yehudakatz.com/2010/12/16/clarifying-the-roles-of-the-gemspec-and-gemfile/
#
#!Gemfile.lock
#
# IDEA:
#
# c.f. https://www.jetbrains.com/objc/help/managing-projects-under-version-control.html?search=workspace.xml
# 
#.idea/workspace.xml
#
# TEXTMATE:
#
# -- UNVERIFIED: c.f. http://stackoverflow.com/a/50283/153422
#
#tm_build_errors

####
# UNKNOWN: recommended by others, but I can't discover what these files are
#

646
2017-08-18 19:22



Berdasarkan panduan ini untuk Mercurial my .gitignore termasuk:

.DS_Store
*.swp
*~.nib

build/

*.pbxuser
*.perspective
*.perspectivev3

Saya juga memilih untuk memasukkan:

*.mode1v3
*.mode2v3

yang menurut posting milis Apple ini, adalah "pengaturan proyek spesifik pengguna".

Dan untuk Xcode 4:

xcuserdata

273
2017-09-08 11:14



Mengenai pengecualian direktori 'build' -

Jika Anda menempatkan file build Anda di direktori yang berbeda dari sumber Anda, seperti yang saya lakukan, Anda tidak memiliki folder di pohon yang perlu dikhawatirkan.

Ini juga membuat hidup lebih sederhana untuk berbagi kode Anda, mencegah backup yang membengkak, dan bahkan ketika Anda memiliki ketergantungan ke proyek Xcode lainnya (sementara membutuhkan build untuk berada di direktori yang sama satu sama lain)

Anda dapat mengambil salinan terbaru dari inti Github https://gist.github.com/708713

File gitignore saya saat ini

# Mac OS X
*.DS_Store

# Xcode
*.pbxuser
*.mode1v3
*.mode2v3
*.perspectivev3
*.xcuserstate
project.xcworkspace/
xcuserdata/

# Generated files
*.o
*.pyc


#Python modules
MANIFEST
dist/
build/

# Backup files
*~.nib

60
2017-12-08 10:42



Untuk Xcode 4 saya juga menambahkan:

YourProjectName.xcodeproj/xcuserdata/*
YourProjectName.xcodeproj/project.xcworkspace/xcuserdata/*

55
2017-10-13 14:09



Saya menyertakan saran-saran ini dalam Gist yang saya buat di Github: http://gist.github.com/137348

Jangan ragu untuk membayarnya, dan membuatnya lebih baik.


24
2018-06-28 20:04



Orang-orang GitHub memiliki file-file .gitignore lengkap dan terdokumentasi untuk proyek Xcode:

Cepat:  https://github.com/github/gitignore/blob/master/Swift.gitignore

Objective-C:  https://github.com/github/gitignore/blob/master/Objective-C.gitignore


13
2017-08-04 18:30



Saya menggunakan AppCode dan XCode. Begitu .idea/ harus diabaikan.

tambahkan ini ke Adam .gitignore

####
# AppCode
.idea/

12
2018-04-17 13:57



Punyaku adalah .bzrignore, tapi ide yang sama :)

.DS_Store
*.mode1v3
*.pbxuser
*.perspectivev3
*.tm_build_errors

tm_build_errors adalah ketika saya menggunakan TextMate untuk membangun proyek saya. Tidak cukup komprehensif seperti Hagelin, tetapi saya pikir itu layak untuk posting baris tm_build_errors.


10
2017-09-08 17:51



Berikut skrip yang saya buat untuk membuat file .gitignore dan .gitattributes Anda secara otomatis menggunakan Xcode ... Saya meretasnya bersama dengan beberapa barang orang lain. Selamat bersenang-senang!

Xcode-Git-User-Script

Tidak ada jaminan ... Saya mengisap sebagian besar ini - jadi gunakan dengan resiko Anda sendiri


10
2018-02-01 21:33



Anda harus checkout gitignore.io untuk Objective C dan Swift

Ini dia .gitignore file yang saya gunakan

# Xcode
.DS_Store
*/build/*
*.pbxuser
!default.pbxuser
*.mode1v3
!default.mode1v3
*.mode2v3
!default.mode2v3
*.perspectivev3
!default.perspectivev3
xcuserdata
profile
*.moved-aside
DerivedData
.idea/
*.hmap
*.xccheckout
*.xcworkspace
!default.xcworkspace

#CocoaPods
Pods

10
2017-09-25 09:14